Apollo and Daphne

   A mythological story from Ovid's Metamorphoses, often represented in art. Apollo ridicules Cupid for his archery skills, so Cupid retaliates by causing the god to fall in love with the wood nymph Daphne. Tired of Apollo's advances, Daphne flees but the god follows her. She screams for help and the river god Peneius protects her by transforming her into a laurel tree. Frustrated and distraught, Apollo declares the laurel to be his sacred plant to be woven into wreaths to crown heroes. One of the earliest representations of the subject in Renaissance art is Apollo and Daphne by Antonio del Pollaiuolo (1470-1480; London, National Gallery), where the god takes hold of the nymph whose arms have already taken on the form of branches. The image denotes the victory of chastity, so prized in the Renaissance, over sexual desire. In the early 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini provided one of the most dramatic representations of the mythical story (1622-1625; Rome, Galleria Borghese). In this sculpture, Daphne's body is in the actual process of transformation. Bark partially encloses her lower body, her toes have begun to take root, and branches and leaves are slowly sprouting from her fingers.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Apollo and Daphne — is a story from ancient Greek mythology, retold by Hellenistic and Roman authors in the form of an amorous vignette; Apollo and Daphne by Antonio Pollaiuolo. The curse of Apollo, the god of the sun and music, was brought onto him when he insulted …   Wikipedia

  • Apollo and Daphne (Bernini) — Sculpture title = Apollo and Daphne artist = Gian Lorenzo Bernini year = 1622 1625 type = Marble height = 243 city = Rome museum = Galleria Borghese Apollo and Daphne is a baroque, life sized marble sculpture by Italian Gian Lorenzo Bernini,… …   Wikipedia

  • Apollo e Dafne (Handel) — Apollo e Dafne (Apollo and Daphne) HWV 122 is a secular cantata composed by Handel in 1709 10. Handel began the work in Venice in 1709, but completed it in Hanover after arriving to take up his appointment as Kapellmeister to the Elector in 1710 …   Wikipedia

  • Apollo — This article is about the Greek and Roman god. For other uses, see Apollo (disambiguation) and Phoebus (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Phobos (mythology). Apollo …   Wikipedia

  • Daphne — This article is about the Greek mythological character. For other uses, see Daphne (disambiguation). Apollo and Daphne by Antonio del Pollaiolo, c. 1470–80 (National Gallery, London) …   Wikipedia

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  • Daphné (opéra) — Daphne (opéra) Daphne, op. 82, TrV 272[1], est une tragédie bucolique de Richard Strauss sur un livret de Joseph Gregor. Il s agit du treizième opéra de Strauss. Daphné précède Die Liebe der Danae (L Amour de Danaé), dont le livret est également… …   Wikipédia en Français

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